Burbot is the only representative of the cod family living in fresh waters. This is a cold-loving fish, showing activity at a water temperature of no higher than + 10 ° C, so in the summer it is almost impossible to catch it. The most favorable time for fishing is considered to be cold and inclement weather. Perhaps because of this, burbot is not so popular among fishermen.
It is impossible to confuse burbot with other fish. His body is long, spindle-shaped, tapering to the tail, covered with small scales firmly seated in the skin and a thick layer of thick mucus. The head is wide, strongly flattened, resembles the head of a frog, its mouth is large with many small teeth, there is one small antennae on the chin and another around the nostrils on the antenna. The color is grayish or olive green with dark brown spots and stripes. Eyes are small yellow, with dark pupils. The dorsal and caudal fins are not high, but long, almost merge with a small rounded tail fin of the same color as the body. The throat, abdomen and ventral fins are whitish or yellowish in color. The color of young individuals is darker.
Burbot is a predator, therefore small fish, crayfish, frogs, worms, various larvae are included in its diet. It lives in almost all bodies of water with running water, preferring a clay and rocky bottom with irregularities. In the northern water bodies it is more numerous and significantly larger than in the southern ones. The size of the burbot is largely affected by the period of its activity – the longer it is, the faster this fish grows. Burbot meat is very tasty and nutritious, and its liver is considered a delicacy.
Burbot fishing is divided into three periods: autumn, winter and spring. Autumn biting begins in September or October, depending on weather conditions – the earlier the cooling starts, the earlier the burbot will go hunting. It is mainly caught on bottom fishing rods equipped with large hooks with a long forearm, the main fishing line is 0.4 – 0.5 mm, it is advisable to put a leash of removable 0.25 – 0.3 mm. Some recommend the use of metal leashes, as with their teeth the burbot can fray the fishing line. As bait, bait fish, frog, neck of cancer, worms and other meat baits are used. Bait is not used. The nozzle should be at or near the bottom.
According to my observations, burbot walks along certain paths, at different depths: both in shallow water and in the channel, so it is advisable to have more gear with you, especially in unfamiliar places. I throw donks at different distances from the coast, so that in the process of fishing to make a certain correction. If within half an hour there are no bites, the donks should be thrown. When fishing on the course, the nozzle often clogs with foliage and garbage, so you have to re-throw more often.
Biting begins at evening twilight and ends at dawn, apparently, burbot is negatively related to daylight, although it is attracted by the light of the fire. Bites are in the form of pulls. During the course they are gentle and almost invisible, and only when the nozzle is already eaten, and the burbot begins to twitch, the signaling device works. In this case, the burbot swallows the nozzle very deeply and it can be difficult to release the hook. Removable leashes help out.
Donks are often equipped with two hooks. A large burbot prefers fish to other nozzles, but bait fish, preferably a gudgeon or ruff, should not be large, a maximum of 5-7 cm.The little thing bites on the worm or the neck of the cancer, but the creep is considered a universal nozzle for burbot of any size. It is noticed that in the full moon, especially in clear weather, the bite weakens, and in the new moon it becomes more active. A change in the water level also matters: if the water has arrived, the burbot approaches the shore itself, probably in search of a worm, with low water it often stays near the channel.
Burbot fishing does not cause problems, since it does not provide strong resistance. “Passive” fishermen use one-hook stalls that they set in the evening and only check them in the morning. A pole is up to two meters long, which is stuck in the bottom. A short fishing line is tied to it (so that the burbot does not hide in a shelter, where it is not always possible to get it out) and equip it with a carbine and a leash with a single hook.
But the frost hit, the ponds were covered with an ice shell, and the winter period of burbot fishing began. The first ten days after freeze-up activity, he does not show, apparently, adapts to new conditions. Then it starts to fall on the vents. They are equipped with fishing line or cord, again using a removable leash and a single hook. It is advisable to use a ruff, not necessarily alive, as a nozzle, but whoever is not too lazy and has prepared worms since the fall, they successfully catch them.
In December – January, the nalimaperiod spawns, so the bite almost stops. In the future, the zhor is resumed. Often in the morning and evening, burbot takes on a bait, less often – on a mormyshka.
In the spring, after opening the ponds, fishing for bottom fishing rods resumes. The best time for this is before the flood, when the bite is stable.