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Reflections on the behavior of the perch
At one time, I "shoveled" a lot of materials on the biology of perch - the most ubiquitous predator among us, including candidate dissertations, which remained accessible only to a…

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Catching fish in the sea for tying

The number of fishing enthusiasts in the Black Sea is increasing every year, and this is not surprising. Fishing at sea is an interesting, fascinating vacation, which is a great pleasure. In the region of Sukhumi, among local fishermen, the method of fishing for tyranny is very common. Mostly horse mackerel (July-November) and herring (September-November) are caught for tying. At times, mackerel is well caught. Sometimes other marine fish also come across a tyrant: bonito, crucian carp, merlanka, katran (prickly shark). What is fishing tackle?

The device of the tyrant
Samodur consists of a frame, a main cord, a bet equipped with a feather of hooks, leashes, carbines and cargo. The frame is used to wind the entire gear. It is made of wood or a duralumin tube (only not of iron) measuring 20×10 cm, rotating in the center on an axis with a handle. A cork is placed on the side of the frame to hold the hooks when the gear is assembled, so that they do not blunt and lie taut.

The main cord of the line is vein cross-section of 0.7 × 1 mm, length 80 × 100 m. Silk, cotton and woven kapron cords are unsuitable, as they get wet, twist and are easily tangled when getting into the boat.

Bet H is a line of fishing line with a vein section of 0.3 × 0.5 mm and a length of up to 3 m. Leashes with 10 × 12 hooks equipped with feathers are tied to the stake. The bet is attached to the main cord through the carabiner. The end of the bet loop is connected via a carabiner to the load.

Hooks Tinned (white) hooks No. 8CH10 with a long forearm are tied to the bet. The hooks must be strong and sharp.

The leash should be no more than 200 mm from a vein line. The section of the leash is selected depending on the rate. The leash should be 0.1 mm thicker than the bet. Leashes are made as follows: a fishing line of the required section is taken, a regular knot is tied at the end, a second knot is knitted at a distance of 20 mm from it, and a third knot is knitted at a distance of 5 × 7 mm from the second knot. Further, the nodes knit in the same sequence, i.e., through 20 mm and after 5 × 7 mm. After tying the required number of leashes, the knots are tightened once more and the fishing line is cut between the 2nd and 3rd, 4th and 5th knots, etc., i.e., along small distances between the knots.

Carabiners and winding rings should be brass or copper.
Cargo. It is cast from a piece of lead weighing 150 × 170 grams. Casting is carried out in a rolled up roll of thick paper (Whatman paper) so the load gets the shape of a regular cone (Fig. 1). Before casting the cargo, it is necessary to make a handle from a millimeter copper wire, insert a carabiner into it, insert its ends into a narrow part of the paper pound then the pound is poured with lead and the cast load is obtained connected to the carabiner. The dull part of the cargo is treated with a hammer, pulling the cone.

Tie the leash to the hook and equip it with a feather. The hook on the back should be equipped with a feather. In the Sukhumi region, it is customary to equip a hook with a feather from the tail of a turkey or black raven. The leash and feather are tied to a hook with red thread, silk or floss.

The hook is taken into the left hand with the thumb and forefinger, a bend facing the palm and down. A leash is superimposed on the back of the hook so that the knot of one end of the leash slightly extends beyond the hook ring or shoulder blade. Retreating 5CH7 mm from the scapula (ring), a red thread is wound around the hook to the side of the scapula. Squeezing to the scapula, impose a feather 5 mm wide on top. The length of the feather should be slightly larger than the length of the hook. The feather is wound with the same thread, but in the opposite direction. After passing the previously wound thread 4CH5 turns, throw the thread with a loop at the second end of the leash twice and tighten it well after each time. Then the leash is tightly pulled from the side of the scapula, while the other node of the leash fits snugly to the winding. After that, the ends of the thread from the feather are trimmed.

Binding hooks to the bet. Hooks equipped with a feather and a leash are tied to the head with a knotted knot. (One of the types of sea knots. Approx. Ed.) Such a knot holds the leash firmly, does not allow its movement at the rate. The ejection unit knits as shown in fig. 2. Inside the loops formed, a leash with a tied hook is inserted, and the loop is tightened. At the same time pulls on the hook and the inserted leash. The knot tied at the end of the leash abuts against the whisker knot and holds the leash with a hook firmly.

If the fishing line suitable for the cross section of the bet is long, then it should not be cut off by the size of the bet. At the end of the fishing line, a loop is fastened with a double knot to which a carbine with a load is attached. The loop is fixed to some fixed object (a nail in the wall, a door or window handle), after which all hooks with leashes are tied to the bet. Having tied the last hook, you must leave 40CH45 cm fishing line and cut off.

Leashes with hooks are attached to the headquarters at a distance of 25CH30 cm from each other, bending the hook up, counting the loop with the load on the bottom.

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