Trout belongs to the salmon family, but does not constitute a special species among them. It is a variety of trout and its subspecies: Black Sea, Caspian and Aral salmon. Only the Gogchinsky lake trout – Ishkhan – stands out as an independent species of salmon and occupies a special position.
Trout is mainly freshwater fish: mountain rivers and streams, large and small lakes with cold or spring water. In its size, color and lifestyle, the trout serves as an example of adaptability to various conditions. In large and forage reservoirs, it reaches a weight of 8-10 kilograms; in streams, it rarely exceeds 600 grams. In reservoirs, the bottom of which is covered with calcareous limestone or light pebbles, trout has a light gray color; in water bodies with large organic deposits, trout has a dark color. Small trout is brightly decorated, because it lives in small streams, the bottom of which is dotted with colorful pebbles. The variegated coloring of the body of pied trout helps her hide from her pursuers.
In body shape, large lake trout are more awkward and less mobile than small trout of mountain rivers. The latter possess exceptional mobility and, being caught by a fishing rod, exhibit so much vivacity that often the entire path of struggle with trout from the place of bite to the moment of its extraction proceeds on the surface itself: the fish continuously jumps out of the water. When the caught trout is freed from the spinners, then the spinning steel leash is almost always removed: this way it is twisted and wrinkled.
The pied brook trout has a dense and slender body, covered with dark and red spots with white borders. Spawning of this trout occurs in the upper reaches of rivers and rivers in October and November. The trout feeds mainly on insects, their larvae and small fish. Pestlet is found, with the exception of Siberia, wherever there are mountain rivers and streams with clean cold water.
Trout fishing tackleIt is perfectly caught on simple fishing rods for worms and insects. ”Artificial“ flies ”, various spinners and lures for spinning fishing are very good. In some rivers of the Caucasus (Mzymta), brook trout reaches very large sizes and is of no less interest to anglers than the Black Sea salmon. These trouts are caught in the same places as salmon, and mainly on small dead fish, planted on small tackles. Lake trout are found in the USSR in the mountain lakes of the Caucasus and in the large flowing lakes of our North – Onega and Ladoga. By way of life, trout fish is daytime. It keeps almost always on the fast flow of rivers and spends whole days in search of food and hunting for insects flying above the surface of the water. Large and adult trout devour a lot of fish juveniles, often of their own. During spawning of other salmon trout, flocks follow them and feed on their caviar. Trout, like salmon, is considered one of the most sporting fish and is excellently caught in spinning, fly fishing and simple fishing rods.
A light and elegant one-handed fly fishing rod with a special conical, non-wetting forest and a well-chosen small “fly” in the hands of an experienced angler-athlete is the most perfect and most prey fishing trout fishing gear. Fly fishing can successfully catch trout in all reservoirs where it is found: in streams, in powerful mountain streams, and even in standing mountain lakes. In transparent water with a calm smooth surface, the best results are obtained by fishing for “dry” ones, that is, fluffy floats on the surface of the water moistened with liquid “liquid” petrolatum.
After rain and windy weather, trout can be caught on “wet” ones, that is, “flies” that sink and go near the water surface. When water rises in mountain rivers, trout becomes less cautious, gets out of the pits into smaller reaches and recklessly begins to hunt for swimming prey. On the contrary, when the water level drops, the trout rushes into the pits and in the reeds and for some time completely ceases to take on bait. Thus, when trout is narrowed, we must first pay attention to the state of water.
To successfully hunt for trout, the angler must be well camouflaged and very carefully approach the place of fishing. Trout is an exceptionally careful fish. If she sees a fisherman on the shore, she immediately rushes to a depth under a stream of falling water or under a stone where she cannot be seen. Therefore, especially when narrowing to the “wet fly”, casting should be done from afar and not approach the shore itself. When fishing on “dry flies” it is best to move up the mountain river.
It is very important to choose the right “flies” by color. Since spring, trout is best caught on small brown “flies” like mayflies, similar to evening moths, which usually appear near the water at this time of year.