Sudak – perch family
Sudak is the largest representative of the Perch family. It has an elongated squamous body, fanged mouth with small teeth. Its back is greenish-gray, on it there are sharp spikes and two large wide fins, one of which has dark spots, dark vertical stripes on its sides, and ventral and anal fins are light yellow. Gill covers without or partially covered with scales. Zander lives in many rivers and lakes, reservoirs, and even in some clean sandy deep quarries of the basins of the Baltic, Black, Azov and Caspian seas. It is also universe in the waters of the Moscow region.
This fish prefers running clean water, rich in oxygen, keeps in places free of vegetation, most often near the bottom, in pits with flooded trees or snag, stones or boulders, on steep banks, near destroyed river structures. Spawns in May – early June. Fertility in large zander is high – over one million, in fish 40-60 cm long – 200-500 thousand eggs. Caviar lays in rivers on underwater plants, snag; in lakes, quarries and reservoirs – on sand, pebbles, stones. Pike perch shows touching concern for offspring. He prepares a place for caviar, washing away garbage and silt with moving pectoral fins. When the caviar is laid, he guards it, not letting other males approach it, fins it with fresh water to protect it from siltation.
Fry feed on zooplankton, two months later – large invertebrates, as well as fry of other fish. If there is good food in the pond, they quickly gain weight and reach 10-15 centimeters by the fall. Adult zander is a predator, feeds on smelt, roach, minnier, dace, bleak, loach, perch, ruff, sometimes crayfish and frogs.
In June and the first half of July, zander is active. Then comes a break until August. Again, an intense nibble of zander is observed before freezing. He takes the nozzle only in the predawn hours, when the sun rises, the nibble weakens, and in the afternoon it stops altogether. Catching zander during the day is possible only in deep shaded holes or below dams in quiet streams. The nibble resumes after sunset. In a pond, pike perch prefers to eat one particular fish. The best nozzle for him is a gudgeon, but sometimes he takes on a fry of loach or on pieces of fish. There are cases when a pikeperch pecked at a crucian carp. If the pike is waiting for its prey in an ambush, then the pike perch searches for it, chasing it until it grabs it.
Pike perch is caught by bottom fishing rods, spinning rods, circles, on the track, fishing rods for vertical shear fishing, equipped with fishing lines with a diameter of 0.4 millimeters and a length of 30–35 centimeters and single bright hooks No. 7-10, on which fry or bait fish are put, pieces of fish, small frogs. It’s advisable to have a donkey’s gear with a reel so that in case of a grip the pike perch can pull off the necessary amount of fishing line.
Pikeperch is a strong fish, immediately after cutting it vigorously resists, however it quickly gets tired and its fishing is not difficult. Zander is caught by spinning throughout the summer, but it is most active in the second half of August and in September. Spinners, as a rule, are thrown into deep places, and if the weather is warm, then closer to the sandbank, where zander is fed. Lead her spasmodically. If there are no bites, move to another place or replace the lure with a snap.
Pike perch is peculiar. Often when hooking, it seems that the hook is hooked on something. You pull it one time, the other – it’s a lure from the spot. And suddenly the fishing line is weakening. You hook and feel something heavy hanging on the fishing line. It turns out that the pike perch has long been “sitting” on the hook, but does not leave the shelter, but for a long time it does not stand up and pops up. Or you drive a lure and suddenly you feel that someone gently tapped it. This is also a bite of zander. As soon as the push follows, it is necessary to energetically hook so that the hook can catch on the bony mouth of the pike perch. If you are late with a hook, the fish will spit out the bait …
On the Ozerninsky water reservoir in the suburbs, many people catch zander by spinning on a foam fish. To do this, at dawn, a deep pit is found from the boat where the pikeperch is held, the boat is anchored at the edge of the pit, the fish are thrown to the opposite side and led by ledges, jumps (casting, pause, rewind, pause again, rewind), holding the fishing line with your fingers – it’s easier to detect a grip. In the late evening, in warm, calm weather, zander sometimes comes closer to the shore in shallow water. Many different small fishes are gathered here, on which he hunts.
On rivers with a weak current, in deep bays, on lakes, quarries and reservoirs, zander is caught in circles. An ordinary circle is equipped with a fishing line with a diameter of 0.4 mm single (No. 10) or double (No. 5-9) hook. To run the circles choose a deep place with a flat bottom. Live bait is planted behind the back, lowered into water, positioning 50-60 centimeters from the bottom. At the beginning of summer, zander can be in different layers of water, so you should look for it by lifting one or two live bait fish and letting them halfway.