Long casting tackle
Initially, the only reliable way to perform long-range casting when fishing on a fishing rod was such that the equipment was gradually carried away by the flow to the desired distance. But technical thought did not stand still, and with the advent of inertialess coils, using artificial materials for the manufacture of rods, the true birth of gear for long casting occurred. At present, long casting is understood as a fishing method in which the length of the line from the tip of the rod to the float is several times the length of the rod itself.
As in the spinning rod, the rod for long casting should be equipped with through-rings and inertialess reel. It is desirable that its length be in the range of 3.7 – 4 m with 12 to 16 access rings with high legs. Such a frequent and high location of the rings makes it possible to more evenly divide the load on the rod and, most importantly, to remove the fishing line from it, as well as to reduce the amplitude of its runout between the rings during casting.
According to the structure and class of fishing rods of foreign companies for long casting, as a rule, they are divided into three main categories. This gradation is performed according to the “Test Weight” indicator, which is nothing but the range of weight of equipment in grams that can be cast with a rod without the risk of breakage.
So: 5 – 20 g – soft, light class; 10 – 40 g – middle, middle class; 20 – 65 g – hard, heavy class. This indicator is usually applied to the butt knee by the manufacturer along with the brand name. In fishing sport and for catching most freshwater fish, the most common rods are included in the first group.
All rods have an almost parabolic system. When plucking large specimens, most of the rod will bend so that it becomes a continuation of the fishing line, and the entire load is distributed evenly throughout the whip.
When fishing for long casting, an inertialess reel with an open spool is usually used. Let us dwell on the most popular reels of the “skirt” type or the “match” type. Their advantages are obvious – simplicity in work, constructive reliability, relative cheapness. These coils are produced most widely. When choosing a coil, first of all, they determine for themselves its size, which is structurally directly related to the diameter of the spool. Typically, a capacity of 180 – 200 m fishing line with a diameter of 0.15 mm is sufficient, with preference should be given to reels with a larger diameter of the spool – less fishing line is twisted.
In any fishing tackle there are no secondary elements that would not affect the result of fishing. Nevertheless, in long-range casting gear, the main link is the float, which determines the behavior of the entire rig, that is, its aerodynamics in flight and hydrodynamics in water when controlling it. This is due to the fact that almost always most of the weight of the entire equipment for long casting is concentrated precisely in the float, more precisely, in its keel part.
Throughout the flight, the float “drags” the equipment along with it, except for the final stage – planning for water. Here the load is already ahead due to the smaller impact of the air flow on it (the load has a larger specific gravity and a significantly smaller total surface area than the float). As a result, all the equipment is pulled in one straight line and gently lays on the water. By the way, the main problem for many anglers in the long-range casting technique will be the last stage, since it is not automatically obtained ideal, but is the result of a competent choice of the arc or flight path and effort during casting. If the trajectory is too high, the equipment will deploy in a line far from the water and at an angle to its surface. When splashed, the load will fall on the float, and the likelihood of an overflow here is high. With a low flight path, even before the cessation of translational motion, all the equipment (and with a strong surge) will crash into the water. Usually in this case, the hook is overwhelmed by the fishing line above the float.
As a rule, in practice, especially in the headwind, the equipment is sent a little stronger than necessary, then the line descends from the reel smoothly. This improves the dynamics of the flight snap and increases the accuracy of casting. It is impossible to brake sharply, since the fishing line, having worked like a spring, will throw the equipment back. The consequences in this case can be the most deplorable, up to the complete confusion of the equipment or breakage of the fishing line.