So, there is a bream in the pond. but where to start?
A bream is a fish that loves sections of water bodies with a moderate course or without it at all. The bream habitats in winter are deep plateaus (irrigation), wide steps on steep bottom dumps, beds of flooded rivers in reservoirs and large bays in all water bodies.
The bream gets its food – various worms, insect larvae, mollusks, crustaceans – at the bottom. In winter, its main food in most reservoirs is bloodworm, which is advisable to use as bait and nozzle.
So, you arrived at the reservoir, knowing that a bream lives in it. Where to begin? The easiest and most reliable way to stay with the catch is to settle down next to the arboretum already sitting on the ice. But what if there is nobody on the pond (or rather, on some part of it)? The first thing to do is look around. The steep coast will indicate to you the proximity of great depths (channel, pit), and a gentle – to a smooth lowering of the bottom. In winter, bream are usually caught at depths of more than 5 m. On the first and last ice, this fish can stay at depths of 6 – 8 m, and in the dead end, with an increase in ice thickness and deterioration of the oxygen regime, it goes into flooded riverbeds with a weak current and other more oxygenated areas of the pond. By the end of winter, the bream begins to move to rivers and streams flowing into the body of water, the waters of which are rich in oxygen.
Having determined the depth and bottom topography using a depth gauge, you need to feed the fish with a small (preferably alive) bloodworm in several promising, in your opinion, places. In some places, lechstones successfully use a mixture of bloodworms and ground meal or clean meal. A single serving of bait – 30 – 50 g. To feed, of course, preferably as many holes as possible.
Experienced loggerheads never lower their gear as soon as they are fed. The fact is that in order to find the bait, the bream must be given at least thirty minutes and not scare him with gear. Then the fish will calmly concentrate under the hole. Well, 30 minutes of waiting time can be devoted to auxiliary work – cut the edges of the holes, giving them some taper in the upper part (this is done to avoid quick freezing of the holes), place them in the holes, disassemble and prepare fishing rods.
After about 30 minutes, you need to quickly catch all lured wells. If a bite followed in any of them, and you pulled out a bream (scavenger), then this is my advice to you: do not rush to immediately catch all the fish in this hole. Remember: bream is a school of flocks and, when fed, naturally makes characteristic sounds that attract fellow breeds. So it’s better to suspend fishing and feed this hole again with a small feeder (to open it, if flow allows, should be fifty centimeters or even a meter from the bottom so as not to frighten the fish) and return here after checking and (if necessary) feeding the rest of the places.
Do not despair if after 30 minutes after the first feeding you did not see a bite. It happens that the fish begins to take in an hour and a half or two, but there are ponds where the scavenger and bream peck at a strictly defined time (in different ponds in different ways). Therefore, be patient and periodically checking the holes, wait for a bite.
If you have many holes at different depths, and the fish appeared, say, at seven meters, and there are no nine pecks, then drill a few more holes at a depth of 7 meters (but not closer than 10 meters from the catch hole) and feed them. Well, and the holes at other depths, where at first there were no bites, it is necessary to check periodically. It often happens that in the morning the fish takes at one depth, and in the evening moves to another, or at a shallow depth, a shallow bait is caught, and at a greater depth, after a while it starts to take bream.
There are times when a bream stubbornly does not want to be caught on a mormyshka, no matter what color, shape and size it is, and it is very willing to take a fishing rod with a hook. However, a reverse situation also occurs (especially on the first and last ice), when a bream bites more actively on a mormyshka, often even 1.5 m above the bottom, ignoring the hook with a bloodworm lying on the bottom. Speaking of catching half-water, I would like to note that often the larva of burdock moth (“burdock”, “Chernobylnik”) “works” as a nozzle very often. The methods of its extraction and storage are described in various literature quite widely, and I will not dwell on them. But do not forget that fishing for a burdock will bring success only if you constantly play mormyshka.
In some reservoirs, breams are caught in winter with dung worms, caddis flies, mormysh, maggots, dough and other baits, and sometimes (most often on the very last ice), he even takes them on a spoon.