English fishing rod
The fishing rod, which will be discussed today, comes from England, and its main element is a plug rod with rings, designed for fishing with a reel, thin fishing line…

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Burbot fishing
Burbot is the only representative of the cod family living in fresh waters. This is a cold-loving fish, showing activity at a water temperature of no higher than + 10…

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Chebaka on a spoon-bait ?!
Chebak, or Amur ide is a common fish in the Amur basin. In Primorye, it is found in almost all bodies of water, excluding the very upper reaches of mountain…

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Carp in the winter? can!

What is known to a wide circle of anglers about the winter lifestyle of crucian carp, carps, or line? Basically, only with the cooling of water they clog into the wintering pits, lie on the bottom or buried in soft silt, become covered with a thick layer of mucus, fall into suspended animation – in general, they do not peck. This was repeatedly mentioned in his classical works by L.P. Sabaneev.

However, publications about unexpected and successful fishing occasionally appear in fishing publications when crucian carp, carps or tench became trophy for fishermen in winter.

Especially a lot of such messages came during the USSR from its southern “outskirts”: from Moldova, Ukraine, the Krasnodar Territory, where periods of “glaciation” are very short-lived, and not every year they happen. They interested me. In addition, I have always closely followed the publications of underwater hunters – in winter their passion becomes partly “under the ice”. According to their testimony, they shoot only active fish, and not lying motionless in the wintering pits. Among their trophies in winter often there are crucians, carp, tench …

Is winter fishing possible with sports equipment?
In recent decades, there has been a noticeable climate change in the middle zone of the European part of Russia – later there is freezing, in winter there are many thaws, sometimes leading to complete snow melting, ice breaking on rivers, rising and cloudy water. For example, in 1996, in the Moscow Region, crucian carp were successfully caught in open water in ponds until mid-December. Such natural conflicts naturally affect the habits of underwater inhabitants. And more and more often, my fishing friends talk about successful fishing from ice, either crucian carp, carp, and lin.

I caught my first crucian in winter fishing about fifteen years ago at the pond, where I always successfully hunted for okushki. A lot of such cases have accumulated since then, and now, as it seems to me, they can be systematized and some patterns determined. And the discussion here will focus not only on “lovers of frying in sour cream.” It seems that carps and tenchs achieved “equal rights” with crucian carp in the winter, in any case, they come across no less often, and under certain conditions they are caught from the ice on purpose.

So, what facts are known to us and what conclusions can be drawn as a result of comparing the available disparate information? Let us try to determine what affects the success of winter fishing for thermophilic fish during the freezing period.
In winter, crucians were never caught in water bodies where, apart from them and, possibly, rattan, no other fish are found. The oxygen regime here under the ice is probably so poor that only fish with developed skin respiration survive, and the entire ichthyofauna in winter is extremely depressed.
It is in reservoirs, where besides crucian carp, carp and tench, roach, perch, pike, and bleak are abundant, that is, fish that maintain satisfactory feeding activity throughout the winter, it is there that periodic or stable biting of heat-loving fish is most possible.

In this sense, rivers rich in crucian carp, carp and tench differ favorably from low-flowing ponds and reservoirs, where you can most often bite these fish only in the upper reaches, at the confluence of rivers and streams carrying fodder and oxygen. For example, Pakhra, Moscow Region, known for its unstable ice formation and extensive deep pits with strong ice, often becomes a place of pilgrimage for lovers to sit by the hole, waiting for the carp. The wintering areas of carps on Pakhra are the same from year to year, and fishing is targeted and usually successful (by the number of bites, but not taken fish, since carps here peck large, but respecting fine tackle). On Pakhra, in deep washings off the coast, one sometimes manages to sit well with winter gear, waiting for very weighty white river crucians. In such places, suvodi with a weak reverse flow are formed. Here, bites are possible not standing on the wintering pit, but a stray carp – “connecting rod”.

Now about those phenomena that should serve as a signal to the fisherman to try their luck at the hole on the crucian pond and, as a result, a lot to discourage their family, tired of the tedious cleaning of “striped” and “prickly”. I would conditionally divide these phenomena into hydrological, phenological and artificially induced.
So, near Kashira, near the village of Korystovo, there is a pond formed as a result of the dam blocking the tributary of the river. Munchies. It is rich in medium-sized crucian carp; roach is also found in it. Not only is the crucian bite well right up to freezing, it is caught with almost the same intensity in winter, although the pond is not deep and very short, especially in the upper reaches. The fact is that cleaned but warm effluents of the distillery located in the village are dumped into the pond. This fact, although not characteristic, can be attributed to the simultaneous effects of artificial and hydrological factors.

For the same reasons, but having a different nature, crucian carp is successfully caught every winter on a large river-type pond near the village. Zhdanovskoe.

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