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Altai non-combatant. Fishing in the winter.
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Altai non-combatant. Fishing in the winter.

Everywhere in Russia, where in winter the ponds are covered with ice shells, you can meet near the holes of fishing anglers. We still have enough fish in lakes and rivers in Altai. The farther you leave from settlements, the richer the catches. But poaching networks are everywhere; many of them are placed by overgrown peasants of no fixed abode, living in dugouts and drinking their catches. And recently, electricity has also been added to the networks. Fish is cautious, ignores many baits. And in such conditions, non-nozzle mormyshka is very popular. The center of its development was Barnaul, where by the end of the seventies, up to eighty percent of winter-anglers fished or learned to fish without a nozzle. At Kazennaya Zaimka, a channel located on the outskirts of the city, up to six thousand people gathered over three wintering pits over the weekend, catching the scammer on the legendary “little devil”.

A quarter century in service
My experience as a non-pilot is a quarter century. I catch from ice, if not lure, then only on non-nozzle mormyshka. The exception is the competition, where the bloodworm is still necessary: ​​you can not take risks, relying on large fish.

After speaking at competitions in Kostroma, in the Urals, on Lake Baikal and in other places, I always found time to experience the “insanity” – “ant”, “devil”, etc. The fish was caught. Local approached, were surprised. This is a characteristic indicator of how much more direct fishing is developed in our Altai.

It is good because you do not need to take care of the nozzle.

But bait is required. All working holes are fed with live mormysh. Depending on the activity of the bite, mormysh sinks to the bottom in the feeder or is poured from above into the hole. It is not customary to fish on Altai lured holes in Altai.

Bream

“Devils” become familiar
Today fishing for one “devil” does not give the same effect as before: he became familiar with fish. All Barnaul non-translators switched to twin mormyshki. The lower mormyshka should be heavier than the upper, and the rest should be at the discretion of the fisherman. I had to meet the “devils” of plastic, wire, insulation, etc.

Some people think that when fishing a fish, a free “little devil” will necessarily catch on the edge of the ice in the hole. This happens, but not often. By the end of January, ice in Altai reaches a meter thick, and when properly fished on thick ice, paired baits rarely cause inconvenience. The main thing is to get the fish into the hole.

In recent years, equipment has become fashionable, where the bottom is “little devil”, and the top is a non-nozzle mormyshka with a single hook, suspended on an eyelet. In this embodiment, the bites of both mormysks are equal.

Paired mormyshki are used mainly for catching the scavenger, silver breeding, roach and roach.

“Sharaga”
For perch, pikeperch and pike among Altai fishermen there is a proven “no-nonsense” with four hooks – “sharaga”. She combined in herself all the “impure force” – “devil” and “witch.” Some believe that this bait is closer to spinners than to mormyshka. She does not have an active game, and why the fish is so good at it, is not entirely clear. Maybe the “sharaga” imitates some large insect, like a swimming beetle. Cambrices on “sharaga” are not used, body sizes are arbitrary. In Barnaul shops you can buy “sharagi” for every taste.

Although the climate in the Altai Territory, located in the south of Western Siberia, is much milder than, for example, in Novosibirsk, and allows fishing throughout the winter, the “sharaga” works especially well on the first and last ice.

Fishing technique
It is characteristic that in water bodies with a sandy bottom the “sharaga” is not so catchy and the fish are wary of it. But over the muddy bottom with the right fishing technique, it surpasses everything else.

And the technique is available even to a novice angler. The only problem is that you need to drill hole after hole in thick Siberian ice. To be with a good catch, on average, you have to do fifty holes. Fishing itself looks like this. In free fall, the bait sinks to the bottom and creates a fountain of turbidity. Then I toss the “sharaga” 4-5 times with a hard nod, each time returning to the bottom, to the sludge. I hold a pause of 10-15 seconds and begin to extract the bait from the sludge, and the moment of its separation from the bottom is clearly visible by nod. I “knock” the hooks on the bottom and again put the “sharagu” in silt for five seconds. When lifting and pausing, a grip usually occurs, and the largest fish.

The further “sharagi” way resembles the “little devil” game, only the step of the “ladder” is much larger, about 3-4 cm. The speed of posting depends on the activity of the bite.

Lifting height can be different. At the Pravdinsky reservoir, perch has to be caught above the snag, generally without lowering the “sharaga” to the bottom. The perch is half-water, and the bait should work at this level. 8-10 cm toss – and pause. No ascents, no descents, no turbidity. After 10-15 throws from the hole, you can leave.

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