Following the dam trail
There, on the border …
I probably won’t discover America if I say that roach is distributed in flocks according to the size of individuals. In spearfishing, I had to observe how, on the border of open water and algae, huge shoals of small roach move in search of food, like scurrying in the grass or near snags, not so numerous, but larger and more cautious individuals, and how they hide in dark, dark places, solid samples in the roughnesses of the bottom. The latter in small and medium rivers, small lakes and reservoirs are kept in small groups. Such groups may include five to seven individuals, occasionally a little more. In large rivers, lakes and reservoirs, large flocks of large roach are not uncommon.
With cooling, roach moves to deeper and more open areas where summer flocks come together, again mainly in the size of individuals. It does not follow from this that in a place where a small roach is caught, a large one cannot be caught. Much depends on the forage base of the reservoir, weather conditions, fishing season, changes in the environment (for example, with a decrease or increase in water level), etc. Therefore, in search of food, especially during the period of biting activation, different schools of roach can move within the same part of the reservoir they have chosen, and specimens of different sizes will accordingly become prey for the fisherman in this place. However, we must immediately make a reservation that for the health of the roach and its good bite, the constancy of all factors creating favorable living conditions in a particular reservoir is important. Except for one thing: if there is an abundance of natural food in the pond, it is very, very difficult to make a large roach peck.
What to be guided by, what to look for when searching for roaches in winter?
At the beginning of ice formation on rivers and canals, large roach can still be found near summer habitats, but with an increase in the thickness of ice, the best areas for its search will be located near water barriers, usually downstream of them, below plums, dams, valleys, necessarily at a depth and in still water, but always where the water is better enriched with oxygen. In such places, the thermophilic roach prefers depth primarily because there is a maximum plus temperature. Therefore, the duration of the flock here depends largely on the change in water level. During periods of awakening the appetite of roach, with a lack of food supply, the flock can make small migrations to a limited extent, close to its parking lot, and visit enclosed coves with less depth, but rich in food.
On the rivers, the favorite sites for large roach Ch are at the banks washed by the course. Visually, these areas are easily identified by the corresponding bend of the channel. It is better to immediately find the edge, for which several holes are drilled from the shore to the depth. I noticed that the roach does not like very deep eyebrows. The optimal depth is Ch 4 Ch 5 m. Having felt the edge, you need to examine the areas along it. Sandy-stony brow with a small sediment of silt sediments can serve as good conditions for the habitat of the mollusk Dreisena основной the main food of large roach in winter. On the small rivers of the Moscow Region and the surrounding areas, I often found large roach on precisely such bends. Usually with methodical bait and variable rest of catchy holes, along with large roach, weighty scavengers and even bream came across here. Moreover, very often the initial fishing with a small bottle of water from the places you liked rarely gave positive results. One had to know or feel the place in order to persist in some points. Mormyshka, nozzles, playing techniques changed, but the fish did not want to peck, as if it were not there. And only periodically dropping portions of small bloodworms with a small admixture of vegetable bait in the feeder, I was able to arouse the appetite of large roach and force it to take the proposed nozzle. Sometimes a sandwich from bloodworms and larvae of burdock moth really helped out as bait. With a bad bite, I planted one bloodworm, threading the sting of a hook into the mouth of the larva. The sting led out after the joint following the head. The larva of burdock moth caught at the base of the head. This way of baiting, in my opinion, allows the bloodworm and larva to maintain their natural look and be most attractive to fish.
In small rivers flowing into the reservoirs, in warm winters, roach should be sought from the end of February. Fish rises in such places for a fresh stream of water. However, based on my experience, I undertake to argue that large roach prefers to stay closer to the mouth, where deep-sea areas are more extensive. True, it does not follow from this that large specimens cannot be caught a few kilometers above the mouth of the river. After all, there are relatively deep barrels, places near washed banks, spill tables with snag, near which roach finds forage.