Ide – belongs to the Karpov family
The ide belongs to the Karpov family. In Russia, it is distributed mainly in the middle lane of the European part and in Siberia right up to the Kolyma. It inhabits the tributaries of rivers, streams, streams, eriks, flowing lakes and even deep streams.
Slow-moving ides have almost the entire body of golden color. The average weight of the fish is 1.5-2 kg, but there are specimens and 3-4 times larger. The ide is especially beautiful in the spring in a wedding dress, cast with a metallic sheen with gold highlights.
It becomes sexually mature in 4-5 years, as a rule, it depends on the characteristics of the reservoir and its food supply. Spawns rather early, right after the pike, at a water temperature of 6-8 °. According to popular beliefs, spawning begins at a time when the first leaves bloom on a birch.
River ide spawns more often in floodplains on coastal manes, dumps and other irregularities of the bottom, as well as on rifts dotted with large pebbles, stones, and plant debris. The average depth at the spawning grounds is 50-80 cm.
Lake ide for spawning prefers reeds, depth 40-70 cm. Fertility ranges from 38 to 120 thousand eggs – this depends on the age and weight of the female. Caviar is yellowish, the size of millet grain. In favorable weather, spawning begins in the evening and lasts until the morning.
The ide is resistant to sudden changes in temperature and water pollution, although it prefers to adhere to those places where there are key and spring sources.
Favorite temperate habitats are whirlpools, pits below rifts, pits under bushes hanging over the water. He likes to stay on the border of fast currents and calm waters, where there are a lot of different food, including fry, which the ide does not disdain. Often approaches mouths of rivers, streams, and even streams, where it rushes in pursuit of insects (as a rule, this is characteristic of roaches).
In the rivers it lives mainly at night and in the early morning and evening dawns, going to the shallows with sand and gravel or clay, sometimes with a muddy bottom.
The ide is omnivorous: it eats plankton and benthos, prefers bloodworms, worms, mormysh and other animals in the spring, and in the summer it adds to its “diet” insects – grasshoppers, dragonflies and their larvae, greens, mulberries, young shoots of reeds. But it can become a predator, especially in the fall, when it does not gain enough fat for the coming winter.
The ides of lakes and reservoirs feed mainly on dawns, but often live in the daytime, especially roaches.
“Sitting” on the hook, this fish fights to the last, making all kinds of “pretzels”, and often gets off.
You can catch ide with all permitted sports equipment. And yet in the spring it is better to wait for him on the course with bottom tackle, and in calm water – with an ordinary float rod or bottom.
The usual spring nozzle is a small creep, pieces of large worms, a bunch of dung worms that have been matured overnight in wet river sand or moss. It goes well for caddis, mormysh, maggot, bark beetle.
With the advent of flying insects fly fishing begins, which lasts with varying success until the fall, and in the fall the ide takes good large mormyshka and even spinners.
You just can not do without a sucker when catching an ide. It is good to have a yawn and an extractor with you in case the fish deeply swallows the nozzle with a hook.
For feeding, I recommend stitching a 250×200 mm pouch from a fine mesh. Sew the welt at the top, into which extend a reliable nylon cord or thick fishing line. Put bait and a load of such weight in this mesh that even in a strong current the bag could not carry. Fish can be attracted by burnt pieces of bones, horns and animal hooves, burnt large feathers of birds, bunches of birch branches and other odorous plants.
Make bait the simplest, but fragrant. Steam the grain and cake separately (grain – 2 hours, cake – 20-30 minutes), and crust bread crumbs and crumbs in a mortar and fry with the addition of sunflower oil. Then mix the products and add loamy soil, make lumps about the size of a billiard ball and put in a mesh bag. Flushing its contents, the flow carries with it small particles of feed.
The ide goes well in smell and lingers for a rather long time in the bait zone, where it finds a nozzle with a hook.
Sliced sheep blood is a delicacy for the river ide. Pour fresh blood into a small enameled pan. Cover the pan with gauze and put in the cold (but not in the freezer). Over night, the blood thickens so much that it is freely cut into slices the size of hooks.
This nozzle can be stored in any wooden or plastic box, covered with a lid with small holes. At the bottom you need to put a damp cloth, on it – a layer of pieces of sintered blood, on top – again a cloth, and so on to the very top of the box.
Fishing with a fishing rod in the wiring from the shore.
I still use this old tried and tested method for catching ide today. On a river with a moderate current, I choose a place where there is an accumulation of ides. The ide gives out its stay with bursts, especially at a time when morning or evening coolness presses insects to the water.