For fishermen-athletes, the most interesting are salmon and trout, which are caught on sports equipment. These fish willingly grab baubles and other artificial baits, but are very stubborn when fishing them after being caught on a fishing rod.
Salmon-semga reaches 1.5 meters in length and 40 kilograms in weight. It spawns from late August to October, in areas with a fast flow and soil of gravel and small pebble. On the Kola Peninsula, in the Kola, Tuloma and Niva rivers, salmon enter in spring H in mid-May, in summer H in mid-June and in August. Salmon enter the Neva, Luga, Narova and other smaller rivers flowing into the Gulf of Finland from July 10–12 until the end of the month, and then from mid-August to mid-September. At the same time as salmon, all these rivers include sea trout к kumzha-taimen, reaching a length of 70 cm, and by weight 5 5 kg and more.
In Lake Ladoga and Onega there are also local, lake salmon and trout. They are not so large: the average weight of their 3CH4 kg. For spawning, Ladoga salmon go to rivers, mainly to Svir, Vuoksa, partly to Vodlitsa, Syas, etc. Their course begins in June. First there are large females, then males, and in August H young males, cyanosis.
Rising into rivers, salmon sometimes overcome very high rapids and fast currents, go into the smallest rivers, where eggs are laid on a pebbly-sandy bottom. The spawning process takes place in extremely difficult conditions. At the entrance to the rivers, salmon do not eat, so sometimes they come to places of spawning in an extremely depleted form. In the male, the lower lip extends and forms a hook, which bends behind the upper lip. His sides are covered with pale pink spots and sores, since, jumping over the rapids, he often injures himself on stones. The meat loses its pink color, becomes pale and even inedible. In place of spawning grounds, sometimes at a depth of only half a meter, a male salmon digs a furrow with its nose, in which the female lays up to 8,000 eggs, and the male irrigates it with milk. After spawning, the fish are buried in small pebbles. Spawning fish slide back into the sea. Males, beaten and wounded, often die from wounds and exhaustion and do not return to the sea. In spring, fry emerge from the laid eggs, which spend the first two years of life in the river, and then slide into the sea or lake.
Salmon are caught in a variety of ways: spinning, fly fishing, on the track and on the mirror stick.
In the Neva River, the best places for catching H are from Petrokrepost (former Shlisselburg) to the Ivanovo rapids. Salmon are kept in the so-called ludas, underwater stone ridges, to a depth of 6 m. They are caught only from boats. Since the Neva is shallow along the coast, fish rise upstream with the fairway or are delayed to rest in deep places, between boulders. The casting of baits from the shore does not reach the goal.
Salmon in the Neva are caught from July to freezing. The most prey is fishing with a pulser-mirror. In this way, large suckers are caught here up to 15 × 20 kg. Spinning is less commonly used, since this method requires a powerful salmon fly fishing rod, solid forests, reels and specially salmon artificial flies that are not found on sale. In Petrokrepost there is a base and boats of the Leningrad Society of Hunters. The train from Leningrad to Petrokrepost takes two hours.
Leningrad athletes rarely go to the Narova, Luga, and Svir rivers, due to their distance from Leningrad. Meanwhile, salmon fishing, for example, in the river. Narova in the area of the city of Narva gives good results. Very large salmon that enter Narova from the Gulf of Finland take spinning from the shore.
Leningrad athletes mainly catch lake salmon in the rivers Vuoksa and Taipolen-Yoki (continuation of Vuoksa) flowing into Lake Ladoga. These rivers are most accessible for visiting, as they are located near the railway station.
In Vuoksa, salmon are caught from spring to July and autumn, from half of August until ice freezing. In 1946, the last salmon in Vuoksa were caught in the first half of December, when rivers and lakes were covered with ice for a long time and there was only an ice-free stretch between the rapids, in which it was possible to catch salmon for pulka and spinning.
Armed with Leningrad spinningists are very diverse. They have spinning rods from foreign companies, but most of all they use domestic-made gear: glued bamboo rods, stamped reels 11 × 12 cm in size, the work of local craftsmen and organizations. The cords are used silk and vein, the so-called Saturn with a thickness of 0.5 to No. 0.8, a length of 100 m. The vein forests easily glide through the rings, do not get wet in the water, do not moshut and are very heavy. The rest of the spinning equipment: Field’s cargo and standard steel leashes are large, with a length of 65 to 80 cm or more. The baubles, which serve as the usual salmon bait, are found in various types: spinning and oscillating.